Where is the UK?

The UK is in the north-west of the European continent between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. The UK has a total area of approximately 245,000 km².

The UK is bordered by four seas:
  • to the south by the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe.
  • to the east by the North Sea.
  • to the west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

No one in the UK lives more than 120 km (75 miles) from the sea.

UK Map
UK Map

The UK is a part of Europe and is a member of the European Union (EU).

What is the official name of the UK?

The official name of the UK is the: "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".

The United Kingdom is made up of:
  • England - The capital is London.
  • Scotland - The capital is Edinburgh .
  • Wales - The capital is Cardiff.
  • Northern Ireland - The capital is Belfast.

England, Scotland and Wales together form Great Britain.
Great Britain and Northern Ireland together form the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (UK).

What is the capital city of the UK?
The capital of the UK is London.
When was the UK formed (made)?
The United Kingdom (UK) was formed on January 1, 1801.

What are people called in the UK?

People in the UK are called British, although they have different nationalities.

The Flag

This flag contains three other flags.

The present Union Flag (Union Jack) represented the political union of three kingdoms:

  • England.

  • Scotland.

  • Ireland (now only Northern Ireland).

Union flag
Union flag